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Bak5 Ga1 Siang4
Hundreds of Family Surnames

The Hundreds of Family Surnames was compiled during the Song Dynasty. The pages 1a to 5a contain single character surnames whilst those from 5a onwards contain a mixture of single and double barrelled surnames. I do not know if they are all in use, or whether spare characters were reused to compose the four character lines. There are 503 different characters within a total of 568 characters of text.

Some of the characters have multiple pronunciations, and the phoneticisation is standardised here using Hong Kong Hakka. Where a character is repeated, please refer to previous lists of extra pronunciations before it, under one of the previous tables. I do not know if the character reading given in the table is the correct reading for the surname itself, or whether one of the other readings is the right one. You should treat the Bak5 Ga1 Siang4 as a character primer rather than a definitive list of Chinese surnames.

Page 1a


Cau4

Cien2
]
Sun1

Li3
 
P
Zu1
d
Ng2
G
Cang4

Vong2

Pung2

Cin2
u
Du4

Vui4
 

Ziong3
H
Sim3

Hon2

Yong2

Zu1

Cin2

Yiu2
\
Hi3
 

Ho2
f
Li1
I
Si1
i
Zong1

Kung3

Cau2
Y
Ngiam2

Fa2
 

Gim1
Q
Ngui4

Tau2

Giong1

Cit5

Cia4
Q
Ziu1

Yi4
 
f
Pak5

Sui3
u
Tiu4

Zong1

Yun2
Ĭ
Su1

Pan1

Got5
 
O
Hai1
S
Fam4
^
Pang2

Long2

Page 1b

|
Lu2

Vui1

Cong1

Ma1
 
]
Miau2

Fung4

Fa1

Fong1
\
Yi4

Ngim4
K
Yen2
h
Liu1
 
Z
Fung1
j
Bau1
v
Su3

Tong2
O
Fui4
G
Liam2

Cem2

Pit6
 
p
Lui2
P
Fo4

Ngi2

Tong1

Ten2

Yin1
ù
Lo2

Bit5
 
q
Kok5

Vu2
w
On1
`
Song2

Ngok6
_
Yi1

Si2

Con2
 

Pi2

Pien3

Ci2
d
Kong2

Ng3
E
Yi2

Ngien2
R
Buk5
 
U
Gu4
s
Men4

Pin2

Vong2

Page 2a

M
Fo2
p
Muk6

Siau1

Yun3
 

Yau2

Sau4

Zam4
L
Vong1

Ki2

Mau1

Yi1
f
Tit6
 

Mi3

Bui4

Min2

Cong4
p
Ge4

Fuk6

Sin2

Dai4
 

Tam2

Sung4
T
Mau2
e
Pong2

Nen2

Gi4

Su1
}
Kiut5
 

Hong4

Zuk5

Dung3

Liong2

Tu4

Ngion3

Lam2
{
Men2
 
u
Cit6
u
Gui4

Ma2
j
Kiong2

Gu4

Lu4

Liu2
M
Ngui2
 

Gong1

Tung2
C
Ngan2

Gok5

Page 2b


Moi2

Sin2
L
Lim2
N
Diau1
 

Zung1
}
Ci2

Hiu1
d
Lok5

Gau1
L
Ha4

Cai4

Tien2
 

Fan2
J
Fu2

Lin2
N
Fok5

Ngi2
U
Van4

zi1
_
ko1
 

zam3

Gon3
c
Lu2

Mok6
g
Gin3

Fong2

Kiu2
[
Miu2
 
z
Gon1

Gai3

Yin4
v
Zung1
B
Den1

Sien1
N
Bun1
H
Ten4
 

Yuk6

Dan1
C
hong2
x
Fung2
]
Bau1

Zu1

Zo3

Yiu4
 
Z
Cui1
N
Git5
s
Niu3

Giung1

Page 3a

{
Cin2
R
Hi1

Hin2

Vat6
 
p
Pui2

Liuk5
a
Yin2

Vung1

Sun3

Yong2

Yi1
f
Fui4
 

Yen1
T
Kiuk6
a
Ga

Fung1
ͺ
Yui4

Ngi4
x
Su2

Kiun3
 
V
Gep5

Biang3
S
Mi2
Q
Ciung2

Ziang3
q
Ton4
I
Fu4

Mu2
 
Q
Vu1
J
Ziau1

Ba1
}
Giung1

Muk6

Ngui4
s
San1

Guk5
 

Ca1
J
Hiu2
W
Fuk6

Pung2

Cien2

Hi1
Z
Ban1

Ngong1
 

Ciu1

Cung4

Yi1
c
Giung1

Page 3b

ڬ
Siau1

Su2

Lan2

Bau4
 

Gam1
o
Diu3
F
Li4

Yung1

Zu3
Z
Vu1

Fu2
B
Liu2
 

Gin3

Zam1

Suk5
s
Liung2

Yap6

Hen4
q
Su1

Sau2
 

Gau4

Lai2

Gi4

Pok6
L
Yin4
J
Siuk5

Pak6
h
Fai2
 
Z
Pu2

Toi2
q
Ciung2
k
Ngok6

Sok5
w
Ham2

Cit6

Lai4
 

Zok5
ĩ
Lin4
O
Tu2
X
Mung2

Ci2

Kiau2

Yim1
{
Vut6
 
E
Si1

Nen2
a
Cong1

Sung1

Page 4a

D
Vun2

Fa2

Dong3
C
Cet6
 

Tam2
^
Gung4

Lau2

Pong2
V
Gi1

Sin1

Pu2

Du2
 
T
Ngiam1
_
Zai3
Ű
Li4
l
Yung1

Kiok6

Ki2

Song1

Gui4
 

Puk5

Ngiu2

Su4
q
Tung1

Bien1

Fu4
P
Yen4

Ki1
 

Giap5

Pu3
|
Song4
A
Nung2

Vun1
O
Piet6

Zong1

On4
 

Cai2
£
Gi4
F
Ngiam2
R
Cung1
}
Mu4
s
Lien2
ۣ
Gu1

Sip5
 

Fon4

Ngioi4

Ng2
e
Yung2

Page 4b

V
Hiong4
j
Gu3

Yi4
V
Sim3
 

Ko1

Liau4
h
Yi1

Cung1
[
Gi4
~
Gi1

Fen2
B
Pu4
 

Du1

Gen3

Man1

Fen2
J
Kiong1

Get5

Vun2
F
Kiu4
 
s
Gong3
S
Luk6

Kiet6
F
Dung1

Iu1
_
Su2
U
Vok5
Q
Li4
 

Vui3
V
Yet6

Kiu2

Lung2
v
Su1
d
Giung3

Sa4
¿
Ngiap5
 

Cau4

Giu1

Ngau2

Yung2
N
Lang1

Zu3

Sin1
E
Kam4
 

Hin2
²
Gan3

Ngiau2

Kung1

Page 5a


Zen1

Vu2
F
Sa1
A
Mak5
 
i
Yong1

Kiuk5

Si1

Fung
_
Cau2

Gan1

Kai4

Siong1
 
d
Ca2

Hiu4

Gin1

Fung2

Yiu2

Zuk6
v
Kien2
O
Liuk5
 
\
Goi4
q
Yit6

Fan2

Gung1
ES
Met6 Ki2
q
Su1 Ma1
 
Wx
Song4 Gon1
ڶ
Iu1 Yong2
L
Ha4 Hiu4
Ѹ
Zu1 Got5
 
DH
Vun2 Ngin2
F
Dung1 Fong1
s
Hak5 Lien2
Өj
Vong2 Pu3
 
L
Vui3 Ci2

Gong1 Yong2

Page 5b

FO
Dam2 Toi2
M
Gung1 Ya1
 
vF
Zung1 Zin4

Puk5 Yong2
E_
Sun2 Yi1
_
San4 Yi1
 
Ө
Tai4 Suk5
ӱO
Sin1 Tu2
]
Gung1 Sun1
]
Cung4 Sun1
 
a
Hien1 Yen2
O
Lin4 Fu2

Zung1 Li2
t
Yi3 Vun2
 
]
Zang3 Sun1
}e
Mu4 Yung2
A_
Sien1 Yi1
[C
Li1 Kiu1
 
q{
Su1 Tu2
q
Su1 Kung1
Qx
Ki2 Gon1
qF
Su1 Kiu4
 
S
Zung3

Duk5
l
Zu3

Ca1

Page 6a

F]
Zon1 Sun1
ݤ
Don1 Muk5
 
Ű
Mu2 Ma1

Gung1 Si1
J
Cit5 Diau1
֥
Ngok6 Zin4
 
[o
Ngiong4 Si4
}
Gung1 Liong2
ݩ
Tok5 Bat5

Kiap6 Gug5
 
_
Zai3 Fu4
\
Guk5 Liong2

Zin4

Co3
E
Yam2
k
Fap5
 

Ni3
k
Yen1
\
Tu2

Kim1
qz
Ton4 Gon1
ʨ
Bak5 Li1
 
F
Dung1 Gok5
n
Nam2 Mun2
I
Fu1 Yen2
k
Gui1

Hoi3
 
Ϧ
Yong2 Set6
L
Mi2 Sang1

Page 6b


Ngok6

Sai4

Gui1

Hang1
 
p
Kong3
Z
Hiu4

Yiu1
^
Kim2
C
Liong2 Kiu1
C
Zo3 Kiu1
 
F
Dung1 Mun2

Nam2 Mun2

Song1

Miu2
e
Sa2
˹
Ngi4
 

Bak5

Song3
nc
Nam2 Giung1

Met6

Ha1

Qiau4

Dat5
 
~
Ngien2
R
Oi4

Yong2
c
Tung2
Ĥ
Ti4 Ng3

Ngien2

Fuk5
 

Bak5
a
Ga1
m
Siang4

Siuk6

If you are interested in Chinese surnames, there is a rather good site at Chinese Roots which gives information about the origin of these surnames, and also famous personages and also other 'double barreled surnames' such as F Lut5 Li1 and ] Suk5 Sun1.


Bak5 Ga1 Siang4 : Cien1 Su4 Vun2 : Sam1 Su4 Gin1 : Zen4 Gong3 : Pronunciation Guide : HakGa Index
© Dylan W.H. Sung 2000

This page was created on Saturday 11th November 2000
and was recently updated on Thursday 16th November 2000.

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