Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Pronunciation Guide

Initials

ROMIPACharacters  ROMIPACharacters  ROMIPACharacters  ROMIPACharacters
                  * 丫嘔喂恩安
                  y 也衣育圓約
            v 話暈屋挖煨
b 八筆不冰背 p 扒平卜朋吠 m 馬明木墨梅 f 花拂虎或灰
d 打知肚德多 t 他特土田斷 n 奶耦嫩能囊 l 老力路粒亂
g 家機古計官 k 快期苦肯看 ng 牙二誤年餓 h 下去兄杏香
z 炸紙竹曾棹 c 車七出前才 s 沙新書細船      

NOTES :

Vowels

There are only five vowels represented in this scheme. The articulation of vowels can be found here. Use your browser's 'back' button to return to this page.

ROM a e i o u
IPA

Hakka from Hong Kong does not include the -u- /u/ glide and likewise, such syllable endings as do not appear here, so instead of the 70+ endings found in Meixian, we have only 50+ here in the next section on finals.

Finals

Vowels +a/o/u +i +u +m +n +ng +p +t +k
a 馬沙   ai 買奶 au 保好 am 三南 an 滿飯 ang 零硬 ap 合搭 at 八發 ak 石客
e 係細       em 參含 en 恩很   ep 澀粒 et 色血  
i 里時 ia 姐斜     im 心林 in 新民   ip 十立 it 力食  
      iau 尿妙 iam 驗尖   iang 頸靚 iap 接協   iak 屐錫
          ien 年天     iet 月傑  
  io 茄靴 ioi 艾癐     ion 軟阮 iong 娘香   iot iok 腳掠
  iu 牛口       iun 軍群 iung 龍雄   iut iuk 局粟
o 哥所   oi 海來     on 安官 ong 長上   ot 說捋 ok 學樂
u 古虎   ui 水鬼     un 文本 ung 公送   ut 律骨 uk 屋叔
        m   ng 魚五      

NOTES:

Tones

Tone 1 Tone 2 Tone 3 Tone 4 Tone 5 Tone 6
陰平聲 陽平聲 上聲 去聲 陰入聲 陽入聲
/33/ /11/ /32/ /53/ /3/ /5/
yiu1 有
have
yiu2 油
oil
yiu3 又
also
yiu4 右
rightside
ngiuk5 肉
flesh
ngiuk6 玉
jade
fu1 夫
husband
fu2 湖
lake
fu3 虎
tiger
fu4 褲
trousers
fut5 窟
hole
fut6 佛
Buddha
sa1 沙
sand
sa2 蛇
snake
sa3 灑
to pour
sa4 射
to shoot
sak5 析
portions of
sak6 石
stone

NOTES:


Zen4 Gong3 : HakGa Index
© Dylan Sung 2000

E-Mail

This page was created on Friday 10th November 2000
and was recently updated on Monday 13th Novemeber 2000.