|全清||Fully Voiceless QuanQing (Unaspirated)||全濁||Fully-Voiced QuanZhuo||次清||Semi-Voiceless ChuQing (Aspirated)||次濁||Semi-Voiced ChuZhuo (Sonorants)|
GuangYun (廣韻) uses thirty five initials, 1 幫, 2 滂, 3 並, 4 明, 5 端, 6 透, 7 定, 8 泥, 9 來, 10 知, 11 徹, 12 澄, 13 精, 14 清, 15 從, 16 心, 17 邪, 18 莊, 19 初, 20 崇, 21 山, 22 章, 23 昌, 24 船, 25 日, 26 書, 27 禪, 28 見, 29 溪, 30 群, 31 疑, 32 曉, 33 匣, 34 影, 35 餘.
The following initials are merged in QieYun (切韻):
The following initials are dependent on the medial and main vowels:
泥 and 娘 幫滂並明 and 非敷奉微
Some authors have used Retroflex Silibant values for the Affricate initials.
照穿床審 can be split into two Deng (等); Deng II 莊初崇山 and Deng III 章昌船書 喻以 and 喻云 derive from 于 where the former is connected to Deng II rhymes, whilst the latter dependent on Deng III rhymes. Deng II rhymes of the 喻 initial become 匣 intials, whilst Deng III rhymes of the 喻 initial become 餘 intials. Some authors make 影 a zero initial [ ø ], in the table above, we see an glottal stop initial. Consequently, they also interpret 喻以 as being merged with the 匣 initial and then, 喻云 becomes simply a palatal approximant [ j ].
© Dylan W.H. Sung
This page was created on Saturday 13th January 2001 and recently updated on Thursday 25th April 2002