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PingShuiYun / ShiYun () Rhymes

The 106 PingShuiYun or ShiYun rhymes are given below. They are listed by tone via the columns, and readings from Mandarin, Hakka and Cantonese are given on each row under each character.

Note the pairs of endings -ng:-k, -n:-t and -m:-p as shown by the dispersal of Ru characters down the table.

Ru type endings are represented in Hakka by -b, -d and -g, but in Cantonese, -p, -t and -k, respectively.

The Ping Tone is divided into Shang Ping and Xia Ping. The rhyme dictionary GuangYun comprises of five volumes, Shang Ping, Xia Ping, Shang, Qu and Ru volumes. A list of modern tone assignments are found at the end of this page.

Group I - Shang Ping Tones

PINGSHANGQURU
Level ToneRising ToneDeparting ToneEntering Tone
dong1dong3song4wu1
dung1dung3sung4vug5
dung1dung2sung3uk7
dong1zhong3song4wo4
dung1tsung3sung4fog5
dung1jung2sung3yuk7
jiang1jiang3jiang4jue2/jiao4
gong1gong3gong4gog5/gau4
gong1gong2gong3gok8/gau3
zhi1zhi3zhi4 
zi1zi3zi4 
ji1ji2dzi3 
wei1wei3wei4 
mui1mui1vui4 
mei4mei5mei6 
yu2yu3yu4 
ng2ngi1ngi4 
yue4yue3yue6 
yu2wu2yu4 
ngi2ngi3ngi4 
yue4yue5yue6 
qi2ji4/qiji4 
qi2/ce2qi2ji4 
tsai4tsai5/jai4jai3 
  tai4 
  tai4 
  tai3 
jia1xie4gua4 
gai1hai3gua4/ga4 
gai1hai5gwa3 
hui1hui4dui4 
foi1fui3dui4 
fui1kui2deui6 
zhen1zhen3zhen4zhi4
zin1zin1zin3zid5
jan1jan2jan3jat7
wen2wen3wen4wu4
vun2vun3mun4vud6
man4man5man6mat9
yuan2ruan3yuan4yue4
ngian2ngion1ngian4ngiad6
yuen4yuen2yuen6yuet9
han2han4han4he2
hon2hon1hon4hod5
hon4hon5hon6hot8
shan1shan1jian4xia2
san1san1g(i)an(3)/4giad5
san1san1gan3kit8

Group II - Xia Ping Tones

PINGSHANGQURU
Level ToneRising ToneDeparting ToneEntering Tone
xian1xian3xian4xie4
xian1xian3xian4xiad5
sin1sin2sin3sit8
xiao1xiao3xiao4 
xiau1tiau2xiau4 
siu1siu2siu3 
yao2qiao3xiao4 
ngau2kiau3hau4 
ngau2hau2hao6 
hao2hao4hao4 
hau2hau4hau4 
hou4hou6hou6 
ge1ge3/ke3ge4 
go1ko3go4 
go1go2/ho2go3 
ma2ma3ma4/ya2 
ma2ma1ma4/nga2 
ma4ma5ma6/nga4 
yang2yang3yang4yao4
yong2yong1yong4yog6
yeung4yeung5yeung6yeuk9
geng1geng3jing4mo4
gang1g(u)ang1/3gin4mag6/med5
gang1gang2ging3mak9
qing1jiong3jing4xi1
qiang2guen3gin4/gang4xiag5
ching1gwing2cheui4sek8
zheng1  zhi2
zin1  zid5
jing1  jik7
you2you3you4 
yiu2yiu1yiu4 
yau4yau5yau6 
qin1qin3qin4ji1/qi4/qi1
qim1qim3sim3xib6
cham1cham2sam3chap7
tan2gan3kan1ke2/he2/ge3
tam2gam3kam3hab6/keb5
tam4gam2ham1hap9/ho4/gap8
yan2yan3yan4ye4
yam2yam2yam4yab6
yim4yim5yim6yip9
xian2xian4xian4qia4
ham3ham3ham4giab5
ham4ham5ham6hap7

Index of Numerical Tone Assignments

DialectTones
PINGSHANGQURU
YinYangYinYangYinYangYinZhongYang
Mandarin1234 
Hakka123456
Cantonese142536789

We can see that the tone classes represented by some of these characters have changed since the original formulation of the table of rhyme characters.

N.B.
Yin Ping and Yang Ping are confusingly called Shang Ping and Xia Ping respectively in some sources, but the tables above do not represent the Yin and Yang splitting of the Ping Tone.


206 GuangYun Rhymes
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This page was created on Monday 21st December 1998
and last modified on Thursday 9th December 1999.

© Dylan W.H.S. 1996-onwards
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