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Chinese Keyboard

Super-imposed on the QWERTY keyboard, are several Chinese input keyboards. They are: The first two are ways in which the sounds of the Mandarin Chinese Standard PuTongHua language are represented. The method known as CangJie depends on attributes of the written character which are represented by character acronyms which represents these attributes and therefore independent on the pronunciation of the character itself.

Note :

Zhuyin (and hence Pinyin) i, u and ü represented by the qwerty keys u, j, and m respectively, divided the keyboard layout into initials on the left and endings on the right.

Keyboard Layouts
  ZhuYin FuHao Composition  
Initial Medial Rhyme
  QWERTY  
ZhuYin
FuHao
ˇ ˋ ˊ
B D     ZH     A AI AN ER
  CangJie 廿    
QWERTY  
ZhuYin
FuHao
 
P T G J CH Z I O EI EN  
  CangJie      
QWERTY  
ZhuYin
FuHao
 
M N K Q SH C U E AO ANG  
  CangJie          
QWERTY  
ZhuYin
FuHao
 
F L H X R S Ü E OU ENG  
Keyboards Layouts

Medial i + Rhyme
ㄧㄚㄧㄝㄧㄠㄧㄡㄧㄢ ㄧㄣㄧㄤㄧㄥㄩㄥ
iiaieiaoiouianiniangingiong

Medial u + Rhyme
ㄨㄚㄨㄛㄨㄞㄨㄟㄨㄢㄨㄣ ㄨㄤㄨㄥ
uuauouaiueiuanuenuangueng

Medial ü + Rhyme
ㄩㄝ ㄩㄢ ㄩㄣ
üüeüanün

Medial u + Rhyme
ㄨㄥ
ong

Full Syllables
zhi chi shi ri er zi ci si

Alternate Representations
yi wu yu -n -ng i

ZhuYin FuHao uses four characters as follows [Initial] + [Medial] + [Rhyme] + [Tone]. An example is the sound guang3 which is represented as ㄍㄨㄤˇ [g]+[u]+[ang]+[tone 3]. The keyboard does not give the first tone, which is often given as a horizontal line above the first vowel in PinYin romanisation. Tone 2 is [ˊ], Tone 3 as given above is [ˇ], Tone 4 is [ˋ], whilst as a result of the rules of tone sandhi for Mandarin Putonghua, the unstressed tone is sometimes written with the dot, [].


Non - ZhuYin Characters

There are a few character which are used which is not part of the normal set of ZhuYin FuHao characters. They are for initial ng- , initial v- , initial gn- and retroflex i . These have been used in other Chinese languages, especially, on Taiwan.


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© Dylan W.H. Sung 2000

This page was created on Monday 20th December 1999,
and was recently updated on Saturday 29th January 2000.