Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Ampersand Hash Codes

These codes were first drawn to my attention by a poster (Charles Steiman) on sci.lang.japan.

The entries below are [symbol][VWXYZ][comment]. For each [symol] use the ampersand sign (&) together with the hash sign (#) then the five digit number [VWXYZ] and finish it off with the semicolon (;), e.g. for Japanese hiragana "we", ゑ which gives ゑ.

Please note that these are the symbols that I see on my Internet Explorer 4.x browser. I cannot see anything using Netscape 3.x, so browsers more up-to-date should be able to display them, if it has unicode capabilities.

Entries are as follows,


  12288 space
、 12289 comma top left to bottom right
。 12290 full stop circle
〃 12291 ditto mark
〄 12292 <none>
々 12293 kanji repeat sign
〆 12294 shime
〇 12295 maru, large circular zero
〈 12296 left angled bracket
〉 12297 right angled bracket
《 12298 left double angled bracket
》 12299 right double angled bracket
「 12300 top left corner bracket
」 12301 bottom righ corner bracket
『 12302 top left boxed corner bracket
』 12303 bottom right boxed corner bracket
【 12304 left bold square bracket
】 12305 right bold square bracket
〒 12306 japanese post symbol
〓 12307 bold equals sign
〔 12308 left bracket
〕 12309 right bracket
〖 12310 <none>
〗 12311 <none>
〘 12312 <none>
〙 12313 <none>
〚 12314 <none>
〛 12315 <none>
〜 12316 <none>
〝 12317 left double quote mark
〞 12318 ditto mark
〟 12319 right double quite mark
〠 12320 <none>
〡 12321 Chinese abbreviated number 1
〢 12322 Chinese abbreviated number 2
〣 12323 Chinese abbreviated number 3
〤 12324 Chinese abbreviated number 4
〥 12325 Chinese abbreviated number 5
〦 12326 Chinese abbreviated number 6
〧 12327 Chinese abbreviated number 7
〨 12328 Chinese abbreviated number 8
〩 12329 Chinese abbreviated number 9
〪 12330 <none>
〫 12331 <none>
〬 12332 <none>
〭 12333 <none>
〮 12334 <none>
〯 12335 <none>
〰 12336 <none>
〱 12337 <none>
〲 12338 <none>
〳 12339 <none>
〴 12340 <none>
〵 12341 <none>
〶 12342 <none>
〷 12343 <none>
〸 12344 <none>
〹 12345 <none>
〺 12346 <none>
〻 12347 <none>
〼 12348 <none>
〽 12349 <none>
〾 12350 <none>
〿 12351 <none>
぀ 12352 <none>
ぁ 12353 hiragana small a
あ 12354 hiragana normal a
ぃ 12355 hiragana small i
い 12356 hiragana normal i
ぅ 12357 hiragana small u
う 12358 hiragana normal u
ぇ 12359 hiragana small e
え 12360 hiragana normal e
ぉ 12361 hiragana small o
お 12362 hiragana normal o
か 12363 hiragana ka
が 12364 hiragana ga
き 12365 hiragana ki
ぎ 12366 hiragana gi
く 12367 hiragana ku
ぐ 12368 hiragana gu
け 12369 hiragana ke
げ 12370 hiragana ge
こ 12371 hiragana ko
ご 12372 hiragana go
さ 12373 hiragana sa
ざ 12374 hiragana za
し 12375 hiragana shi
じ 12376 hiragana ji
す 12377 hiragana su
ず 12378 hiragana zu
せ 12379 hiragana se
ぜ 12380 hiragana ze
そ 12381 hiragana so
ぞ 12382 hiragana zo
た 12383 hiragana ta
だ 12384 hiragana da
ち 12385 hiragana chi
ぢ 12386 hiragana ji
っ 12387 hiragana small tsu for doubling following initial letter
つ 12388 hiragana tsu
づ 12389 hiragana zu
て 12390 hiragana te
で 12391 hiragana de
と 12392 hiragana to
ど 12393 hiragana do
な 12394 hiragana na
に 12395 hiragana ni
ぬ 12396 hiragana nu
ね 12397 hiragana ne
の 12398 hiragana no
は 12399 hiragana ha
ば 12400 hiragana ba
ぱ 12401 hiragana pa
ひ 12402 hiragana hi
び 12403 hiragana bi
ぴ 12404 hiragana pi
ふ 12405 hiragana hu/fu
ぶ 12406 hiragana bu
ぷ 12407 hiragana pu
へ 12408 hiragana he
べ 12409 hiragana be
ぺ 12410 hiragana pe
ほ 12411 hiragana ho
ぼ 12412 hiragana bo
ぽ 12413 hiragana po
ま 12414 hiragana ma
み 12415 hiragana mi
む 12416 hiragana mu
め 12417 hiragana me
も 12418 hiragana mo
ゃ 12419 hiragana small ya
や 12420 hiragana ya
ゅ 12421 hiragana small yu
ゆ 12422 hiragana yu
ょ 12423 hiragana small yo
よ 12424 hiragana yo
ら 12425 hiragana ra
り 12426 hiragana ri
る 12427 hiragana ru
れ 12428 hiragana re
ろ 12429 hiragana ro
ゎ 12430 hiragana small wa
わ 12431 hiragana wa
ゐ 12432 hiragana wi
ゑ 12433 hiragana we
を 12434 hiragana wo
ん 12435 hiragana syllabic nasal n
ゔ 12436 <none>
ゕ 12437 <none>
ゖ 12438 <none>
゗ 12439 <none>
゘ 12440 <none>
゙ 12441 <none>
゚ 12442 <none>
゛ 12443 quote mark
゜ 12444 quote mark
ゝ 12445 single kana repeater
ゞ 12446 single kana repeater with nigori indicating voicing
ゟ 12447 <none>
゠ 12448 <none>
ァ 12449 katakana small a
ア 12450 katakana normal a
ィ 12451 katakana small i
イ 12452 katakana normal i
ゥ 12453 katakana small u
ウ 12454 katakana normal u
ェ 12455 katakana small e
エ 12456 katakana normal e
ォ 12457 katakana small o
オ 12458 katakana normal o
カ 12459 katakana ka
ガ 12460 katakana ga
キ 12461 katakana ki
ギ 12462 katakana gi
ク 12463 katakana ku
グ 12464 katakana gu
ケ 12465 katakana ke
ゲ 12466 katakana ge
コ 12467 katakana ko
ゴ 12468 katakana go
サ 12469 katakana sa
ザ 12470 katakana za
シ 12471 katakana shi
ジ 12472 katakana ji
ス 12473 katakana su
ズ 12474 katakana zu
セ 12475 katakana se
ゼ 12476 katakana ze
ソ 12477 katakana so
ゾ 12478 katakana zo
タ 12479 katakana ta
ダ 12480 katakana da
チ 12481 katakana chi
ヂ 12482 katakana ji
ッ 12483 katakana small tsu for doubling following initial letter
ツ 12484 katakana tsu
ヅ 12485 katakana zu
テ 12486 katakana te
デ 12487 katakana de
ト 12488 katakana to
ド 12489 katakana do
ナ 12490 katakana na
ニ 12491 katakana ni
ヌ 12492 katakana nu
ネ 12493 katakana ne
ノ 12494 katakana no
ハ 12495 katakana ha
バ 12496 katakana ba
パ 12497 katakana pa
ヒ 12498 katakana hi
ビ 12499 katakana bi
ピ 12500 katakana pi
フ 12501 katakana hu/fu
ブ 12502 katakana bu
プ 12503 katakana pu
ヘ 12504 katakana he
ベ 12505 katakana be
ペ 12506 katakana pe
ホ 12507 katakana ho
ボ 12508 katakana bo
ポ 12509 katakana po
マ 12510 katakana ma
ミ 12511 katakana mi
ム 12512 katakana mu
メ 12513 katakana me
モ 12514 katakana mo
ャ 12515 katakana small ya
ヤ 12516 katakana ya
ュ 12517 katakana small yu
ユ 12518 katakana yu
ョ 12519 katakana small yo
ヨ 12520 katakana yo
ラ 12521 katakana ra
リ 12522 katakana ri
ル 12523 katakana ru
レ 12524 katakana re
ロ 12525 katakana ro
ヮ 12526 katakana small wa
ワ 12527 katakana wa
ヰ 12528 katakana wi
ヱ 12529 katakana we
ヲ 12530 katakana wo
ン 12531 katakana syllabic nasal n
ヴ 12532 katakana vu (used for initial v)
ヵ 12533 katakana small ka
ヶ 12534 katakana small ke
ヷ 12535 <none>
ヸ 12536 <none>
ヹ 12537 <none>
ヺ 12538 <none>
・ 12539 square dot
ー 12540 long mark used to double a vowel preceeding it
ヽ 12541 ヾ 12542 ヿ 12543 <none>
㄀ 12544 <none>
㄁ 12545 <none>
㄂ 12546 <none>
㄃ 12547 <none>
㄄ 12548 <none>
ㄅ 12549 ZhuYin FuHao initial p
ㄆ 12550 ZhuYin FuHao initial b
ㄇ 12551 ZhuYin FuHao initial m
ㄈ 12552 ZhuYin FuHao initial f
ㄉ 12553 ZhuYin FuHao initial d
ㄊ 12554 ZhuYin FuHao initial t
ㄋ 12555 ZhuYin FuHao initial n
ㄌ 12556 ZhuYin FuHao initial l
ㄍ 12557 ZhuYin FuHao initial g
ㄎ 12558 ZhuYin FuHao initial k
ㄏ 12559 ZhuYin FuHao initial h
ㄐ 12560 ZhuYin FuHao initial j
ㄑ 12561 ZhuYin FuHao initial q
ㄒ 12562 ZhuYin FuHao initial x
ㄓ 12563 ZhuYin FuHao initial zh
ㄔ 12564 ZhuYin FuHao initial ch
ㄕ 12565 ZhuYin FuHao initial sh
ㄖ 12566 ZhuYin FuHao initial r
ㄗ 12567 ZhuYin FuHao initial z
ㄘ 12568 ZhuYin FuHao initial c
ㄙ 12569 ZhuYin FuHao initial s
ㄚ 12570 ZhuYin FuHao a
ㄛ 12571 ZhuYin FuHao o
ㄜ 12572 ZhuYin FuHao e
ㄝ 12573 ZhuYin FuHao (-i-)e
ㄞ 12574 ZhuYin FuHao ai
ㄟ 12575 ZhuYin FuHao ei
ㄠ 12576 ZhuYin FuHao ao
ㄡ 12577 ZhuYin FuHao ou
ㄢ 12578 ZhuYin FuHao an
ㄣ 12579 ZhuYin FuHao en
ㄤ 12580 ZhuYin FuHao ang
ㄥ 12581 ZhuYin FuHao eng
ㄦ 12582 ZhuYin FuHao er
ㄧ 12583 ZhuYin FuHao i
ㄨ 12584 ZhuYin FuHao u
ㄩ 12585 ZhuYin FuHao ü


I've coloured the Zhuyin Fuhao symbols and codes because I believe it reveals an order within the system. The initials are ordered according to areas of articulation, the vowels follows the following pattern: four vowels, four vowel combinations, four n or ng endings, an "er" and three medials. Note however, that there are other sounds which are created by combinations of the vowels and other endings which aren't represented here.

I have to note that I can also see many other symbols such as Greek, Cyrillic, and ordinary alphanumerics in other parts of this code. For instance &#950; gives ζ greek lower case zeta.

Towards the larger numerals, there occurs Chinese Japanese and Korean characters.


Index

© Dylan W.H. Sung

Originally this was the output of a Fortran 77 program I wrote. The comments were later additions.

This page was begun on Saturday 27th November 1999, and last modified Wednesday 13th December 2000.

Email


01:58 28/11/1999 11:29 13/12/2000